[KI-LC] Media query from SC Magazine - deadline 2/26/2016 17:30:00

Colin Wallis colin_wallis at hotmail.com
Mon Feb 22 11:13:25 CST 2016

Thanks KenWe'll consider this question dealt to.Anyone else want to take on one of the others?CheersColin.....................................> At airports around the world, travelers' identities are routinely verified using biometric identification. Recently in India, a new facility for pension distribution adapted an iris authentication scanner to validate citizens. New generations of fully integrated, end-to-end cloud identity management platforms offer clients secure and flexible means to pick and choose which services they need. For this latest ebook from SC Magazine, we speak to a number of experts with hands-on experience about how these advances in technologies are changing the face of identity management and opening up new opportunities for the enterprise to become more secure—and we’ll throw in a few caveats (for one, what happens to privacy when biometrics are added to the mix?) that any organization should heed when revamping its identity management strategy.
> Here are the questions he's exploring:
> What are the latest advances in ID Management technology?
> How has it evolved over the years?
> What happens to privacy when biometrics are thrown into the mix? GONE GONE....
> How are ID management systems and access management/roles-based management converging? 
> ID management has been largely about people in the past. How will the Internet of Things change that, if at all?
> Is authentication keeping up with trends in ID management?
> My identity as my wife sees it may be different to my identity as my bank sees it, which may be different again to my identity as my employer sees it. How do we cope with multiple attributes in ID management? 
> How do we maintain and preserve identity in the long term, as a person's life and circumstances change? 
> Are there standard for ID management?
> What are the biggest challenges facing companies that want to design and deploy their own ID management systems?
Date: Mon, 22 Feb 2016 06:58:22 -0500
Subject: Re: [KI-LC] FW: Media query from SC Magazine - deadline 2/26/2016 17:30:00
From: kendaggtbs at gmail.com
To: colin_wallis at hotmail.com
CC: lc at kantarainitiative.org

I agree fully that the first two paragraphs address the scope of his question regarding biometrics and privacy.
However, your comment, "sense of direction of travel for SC Magazine being towards Data Protection" prompts me to include the rest of the material regarding Privacy. In my opinion, a focus solely on data protection misses the boat on respecting privacy and probably does it a disservice. As you are aware, having the best data protection practices in the world while using an individual's PII for unstated purposes or disclosing it inappropriately, still means the organization is not respecting an individual's privacy.
I agree with your concern regarding "a compromise in the sample or the templates database" being a major issue with respect to an individual having to re-establish and re-bind their identity. However, I would argue that the same holds true for any piece of an individual's PII that is used by an organization. Biometric data, because it is viewed as unique to an individual, is in some organization's minds, viewed as a silver bullet with respect to Identifcation. However, in my opinion, it is just another piece of data that can be used to mitigate the risk of misidentification. If the consequences of misidentification are severe it should still be corroborated with other PII. In other words, it is not a silver bullet.
This being said, I restructured the answer to address the "silver bullet" concept as well as the out-of-scope text. I would recommend including the background in the response as I believe that it is important to raise the "technology neutral" idea with respect to privacy policy/legislation. I would like to start the process of changing the perception held by many people that current policy is outdated or has been overtaken by advances in technology. (My soapbox rant for the day)
Wile we probably aren't going to be killed for not answering all the questions I hope that others can address some of them.
The perception that something should happen to privacy because biometrics enter the mix is erroneous. 
Privacy is a state that is respected when an individual understands and consents to how their personally identifiable information (PII) is collected, maintained, used, disclosed and disposed. Biometric information, given its uniqueness to each individual, should be considered to be PII. 
Regardless of its apparent uniqueness, an organization that wishes to mitigate the risk of misidentification of an individual should not look at biometric data as a "silver bullet". If the consequences of misidentification are high they should still corroborate the biometric data with other PII during their authentication. The process, whether in the digital or real world, still requires an organization to identify the consequences of misidentification before it puts in place procedures and techniques (such as the use of biometric data) to mitigate that risk.
Background on Privacy
It should be noted that jurisdictions around the world have identified that respect of an individual's privacy is technology neutral.
For the US Government NIST Special Publication 800-122 defines PII as "any information about an individual maintained by an agency, including (1) any information that can be used to distinguish or trace an individual‘s identity, such as name, social security number, date and place of birth, mother‘s maiden name, or biometric records; and (2) any other information that is linked or linkable to an individual, such as medical, educational, financial, and employment information."
In other countries with privacy protection laws derived from the OECD privacy principles, the term used is more often "personal information". This term, in general, is broader than PII. For example, there are two pieces of legislation that cover privacy at the federal level in Canada: the Privacy Act and the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (PIPEDA). The Privacy Act relates to an individual’s right to access and correct personal information the Government of Canada holds about them or the Government’s collection, use and disclosure of their personal information in the course of providing services (e.g., old age pensions or employment insurance). PIPEDA sets out the ground rules for how private-sector organizations collect, use or disclose personal information in the course of commercial activities across Canada.
Both acts is essence define personal information to be any factual or subjective information, recorded or not, about an identifiable individual. This includes information in any form, such as:* age, name, ID numbers, income, ethnic origin, or blood type;* opinions, evaluations, comments, social status, or disciplinary actions; and* employee files, credit records, loan records, medical records, existence of a dispute between a consumer and a merchant, intentions (for example, to acquire goods or services, or change jobs).
Excluded is information concerning the name, title, business address or telephone number of an employee of an organization.
Both acts identify how personal information should be collected, maintained, used, disclosed and disposed. Of interest is the requirement to identify a retention period for the personal information that is collected about an individual and how that information is expunged from an organization's records.
Also of interest is how the power and versatility of re-identification algorithms have significantly increased the ability of identifying an individual without the use of PII. As such, Big Data is becoming an issue in privacy circles.

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